Canada

Western Amber Durum

Canada is the world’s leading exporter of durum wheat. CWAD is recognized for its high protein content and semolina yield. Breeding has further improved its yellow colour and gluten strength in new varieties.

Top 5 varieties grown this year

  • 1 Transcend
  • 2 CDC Precision
  • 3 Brigade
  • 4 AAC Spitfire
  • 5 CDC Alloy

Executive Summary

Production

3.5 MT

Wheat Grown in Canada

16%

Advice from an expert

Advice from an expert

Good quality. Lower levels of hard vitreous kernels than in 2020 .

Grading Factors

Grading Factors

70% is No. 1 and No. 2.

Protein

Protein

15.7% protein content – above average. High protein content helps with pasta firmness.

Milling Quality

Milling Quality

Sound, good Falling Number at 450 seconds or higher in No. 1 and No. 2.

Application Performance

Application Performance

Good pasta firmness and low cooking loss. Bright yellow colour as desired for couscous and pasta.

Grading

cwad

Grading

Higher volumes of No. 1 and No. 2.

39.0%
No. 1
31.1%
No. 2
22.3%
No. 3
6.7%
All others

CWAD 2021-22

Major grading factors
Major grading factors

Slightly lower test weights than last year. Some downgrading due to sprout-damaged kernels showing impact on Falling Numbers.

Download data for all classes
Protein

cwad

Protein

CWAD 2021-22

Protein content
Protein content

Grading Factor and Protein Content Table Information

  • Analysis conducted by CGC Grain Research Laboratory as of November 1, 2021
  • Protein content (N × 5.7) is determined by near-infrared measurements calibrated against Combustion Nitrogen Analysis reference method and is expressed on an 13.5% moisture basis.
  • Results are unlikely to represent samples harvested within two weeks of the report
  • The “Number of Samples” figures may not reflect actual production distributions across grades
  • Samples provided by growers
  • N/A= not applicable
  • HVK = Hard vitreous kernels
  • NS = non-sufficient
Milling Quality

cwad

Milling Quality

No. 1

Hard Vitreous Kernels

90%

Lower than last year

Weight per 1,000 Kernels

38.8 g

Lower than last year

Ash content

1.59%

Comparable to last year

Semolina yield

63.2%

Typical of CWAD

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cwad

Applications

Applications

Products made from CWAD are characterized by a bright yellow colour that's appealing to consumers.

Pasta

CWAD is great for both dried and fresh pasta products. It offers excellent cooking quality, including firmness, tolerance to overcooking and low cooking loss.

Couscous

Couscous is produced by steaming semolina particles so that tiny agglomerates are formed. Couscous made from CWAD has a bright yellow colour and good surface texture (i.e. not sticky) when cooked.

Bread

Great for hearth, artisan and flat breads, CWAD provides these breads with a subtle yellow-coloured crumb. Its flour demonstrates high water absorption capacity.

Pasta analysis

No. 1, Prairie Composite

Firmness

1058g

9 min cook time

Cooking Loss

4.73%

Refers to loss of product during cooking

Colour

L*: 72.7

a*: 5.16

b*: 65.8

No. 2, Prairie Composite

Firmness

1201g

9 min cook time

Cooking Loss

4.48%

Refers to loss of product during cooking

Colour

L*: 73.3

a*: 5.38

b*: 65.9

No. 3, Prairie Composite

Firmness

1161g

9 min cook time

Cooking Loss

4.73%

Refers to loss of product during cooking

Colour

L*: 71.3

a*: 5.25

b*: 64.8

Download data for all classes

Advice from an expert

Lisa Nemeth

Director of Market Support and Training

Expert

CWAD continues to show good quality in 2021. This assures customers that high-quality pasta and couscous can be produced when CWAD is used to produce semolina.

Strong milling performance

High levels of hard vitreous kernels with high test weight and thousand kernel weight values ensure good semolina milling yields.

Excellent semolina colour

High levels of yellow pigment ensure high levels of yellowness (b*) in semolina.

High quality pasta

Pasta has excellent colour (yellowness) with good firmness and low cooking loss.

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Everything we grow advances global nourishment

Canada is setting the standard for modern farming practices

Clean, consistent and quality

Through modern farming practices, Canadian farmers can grow strong wheat varieties, use good farm management practices from planting to harvest and on-farm storage. Canada has a natural advantage when it comes to land, water and climate. Through strong science-based regulation from the Canadian Grain Commission (CGC), it sets the high standards for clean, consistent quality grains.

Innovation

Across the country, agriculture continues to make advancements in farming practices and crop production. Led by Cereals Canada and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, the National Wheat Research priorities have been developed. Through a unique national collaboration of farmers, federal and provincial governments, public research institutions, exporters and processors, this partnership between public and private sectors are committed to delivering innovation in the wheat sector.

Sustainability

Current farm management practices continue to provide a better and healthier farming environment than previous generations. Modern practices like conservation tillage (minimum or zero tillage) helps to capture or sequester carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere to slow or reverse atmospheric CO2 pollution to mitigate and reverse global warming keeping sustainability at the forefront of farming.

How to Buy

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