Canadian Western

Amber Durum

Canada is the world’s leading exporter of durum wheat. CWAD is recognized for its high protein content and semolina yield. Breeding has further improved its yellow colour and gluten strength in new varieties.

Top 5 varieties grown this year

  • 1 Transcend
  • 2 CDC Precision
  • 3 Brigade
  • 4 AAC Spitfire
  • 5 Strongfield

Executive Summary

Production

6.1 MT

Wheat Grown in Canada

18%

Advice from an expert

Advice from an expert

Very good quality. High levels of hard vitreous kernels

Grading Factors

Grading Factors

83% is No. 1 and No. 2. Significant improvement over 2019

Protein

Protein

13.8% protein content – above average. High protein content helps with pasta firmness.

Milling Quality

Milling Quality

Sound, good Falling Number at 450 seconds or higher

Application Performance

Application Performance

Good pasta firmness and low cooking loss. Bright yellow colour as desired for couscous and pasta

Grading

cwad

Grading

Higher volumes of No. 1 and No. 2.

60%
No. 1
23%
No. 2
12%
No. 3
5%
All others

CWAD 2020-21

Major grading factors
Major grading factors

Source: Canadian Grain Commission

*A sample can be downgraded for more than one factor.

Significant reduction in sprout-damaged kernels compared to last year, resulting in high Falling Numbers.

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Protein

cwad

Protein

Overall Protein

13.8%

Percentages are expressed on a 13.5% moisture basis.

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CWAD 2020-21

Protein content
Protein content

Grading Factor and Protein Content Table Information

  • Analysis conducted by CGC Grain Research Laboratory as of November 4, 2020
  • Protein content (N X 5.7 ) is determined by near-infrared measurements calibrated against Combustion Nitrogen Analysis reference method and is expressed on an 13.5% moisture basis.
  • Results are unlikely to represent samples harvested within two weeks of the report
  • The “Number of Samples” figures may not reflect actual production distributions across grades
  • Samples provided by growers
  • N/A= not applicable
Milling Quality

cwad

Milling Quality

No. 1

Hard Vitreous Kernels

96%

Improvement from last year

Weight per 1,000 Kernels

41.1 g

Improvement from last year

Ash content

1.61%

Comparable to last year

Semolina yield

64.1%

Typical of CWAD

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cwad

Applications

Applications

Showing No. 1 Western Prairie Composite

Products made from our milled CWAD are characterized by an appealing bright yellow colour that's pleasing to consumers.

Pasta

CWAD is great for both dried and fresh pasta products. It offers excellent cooking quality, including firmness, tolerance to overcooking and low cooking loss.

Couscous

Tiny, steamed balls of pasta, couscous has a bright yellow colour and good surface texture (i.e. non-sticky) when cooked.

Bread

Great for hearth, artisan and flat breads, CWAD provides these breads with a subtle yellow-coloured crumb. Its flour demonstrates high water absorption capacity.

Pasta analysis

No. 1, Western Composite

Firmness

803g

9 min cook time

Cooking Loss

4.5%

Refers to loss of product during cooking

Colour

L*: 73.3

a*: 4.88

b*: 67.4

No. 2

Firmness

814g

9 min cook time

Cooking Loss

4.84%

Refers to loss of product during cooking

Colour

L*: 73.4

a*: 4.66

b*: 68.0

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recipe icon

More than just sliced bread

Batbout

Moroccan pita bread that’s made using a blend of white, whole-wheat and semolina or durum flours and cooked on the stovetop in a griddle or skillet.

Bulgur

Often used in Middle Eastern cuisine, bulgur is made from wheat groats that are cracked, parboiled, dried and ground into various sizes.

Freekah

Popular in the Middle East and Northeastern Africa, freekah is an ancient wheat grain that’s harvested young, while the grains are still green and tender.

Chapati

Eaten with most meals in India, chapati is unleavened wheat-flour flatbread that’s rolled out thin and cooked on a griddle or skillet.

Paratha

Another unleavened flatbread popular on the Indian subcontinent, paratha includes ghee and is rolled out several times, which makes it flaky when cooked in oil.

Beghrir

These crepe-like Moroccan pancakes made from semolina are known for their “honeycomb” appearance and spongy texture.

Pane d'Altamura

Eaten widely in Italy’s Puglia region, this rustic loaf is a type of naturally leavened bread made from twice-milled durum wheat.

Advice from an expert

Lisa Nemeth

Director of Markets

Expert

Continued good quality in CWAD for 2020 means high-quality pasta and couscous can be achieved without any major milling or processing adjustments. Breeding efforts in CWAD have focused on improving the colour and gluten strength in new varieties, which is evident in this year’s CWAD crop.

Strong milling performance

High levels of hard vitreous kernels with high test weight and thousand kernel weight values ensure good semolina milling yields.

Excellent semolina colour

High levels of yellow pigment ensures high levels of yellowness (b*)

High quality pasta

Pasta has excellent colour (yellowness) with good firmness and low cooking loss.

Download all 2020 wheat crop details
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Everything we grow advances global nourishment

Canada is setting the standard for modern farming practices

Clean, consistent and quality

We grow and harvest better due to modern farming practices, Canada’s natural advantage and regulation from the Canadian Grain Commission (CGC) which sets high standards for clean, consistent quality.

Innovation

Across the country, the farming industry continues to move forward and make advancements in farming practices and crop production. Along with regulatory agencies, Cereals Canada facilitates priority-setting for Canadian research, which centers around customers and their needs.

Sustainability

Current management practices provide a better and healthier farming environment than previous generations. Modern protocols like conservation tillage and capturing or sequestration of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to slow or reverse atmospheric CO2 pollution to mitigate and reverse global warming keeps sustainability at the forefront of farming.

How to Buy

Interested in buying Canadian wheat or other cereals products?

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